mercoledì 13 giugno 2012

Eritrean and Somali refugees trapped under the bombs in Kufra.

Libya: Eritrean and Somali refugees trapped under the bombs in Kufra. Silence of the international community on refugee slaves in Sinai. 

It aggravates the emergence of refugees arrived in Libya from the Horn of Africa and the sub Saharan region. Indeed, for migrants "blacks" - the news agency Habeshia - the new Libya, which has rebelled against Gaddafi dictatorship in the name of democracy and human rights, does not seem all that different from the previous one, blown away by the revolution. "Hundreds of young people - protested Don Mussie Zerai, president of Habeshia - are kept in conditions of slavery in Kufra, to forced labor under the threat of arms, without food or water, beating constantly, in a situation of total degradation to the dignity the person. " The same hell of time of Nasser, when "migrants from Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Chad, Niger, Sudan, Ghana and other African countries afflicted by tragedies - as ratchet wrote Maximilian in his latest essay on the historical contemporary Libya - just walked in Libyan desert were intercepted, detained and blackmailed by self-styled police force Jamahiriyya, often irregular, which lucravano on the human tragedy of these people. "The latest alarm about a group of twenty boys, all Eritreans, who are unable to contact by telephone Don Zerai for segnalargli their desperate plea for help. Fled from Eritrea, defying the prison and border guards shot the dictator Isaias Afewerki, after being repaired in Ethiopia and Sudan, were able to fly to Libya with an adventurous, painful journey into the Sahara, through the means of luck. Shortly after crossing the frontier of Fezzan, Libya's southern macro-region, were intercepted by a squad of militiamen near Mesrué, not far from the oasis of Kufra. Bring all under arrest at a command area, sixteen were transferred to the detention center at Kufra. Just one of these managed to put himself in communication with Don Zerai, telling their story. Of the other four - three women and a teenager - were to Mesrué, there has been no news.In Kufra the sixteen Eritrean refugees have found other prisoners, thirty, mostly Somalis, also caught in the Libyan desert, just this side of the border. The situation in the whole area is very dangerous. And 'being a real war between different factions of the militia and regular army, for supremacy in the territory: fighting with heavy weapons, close combat between rebels and government departments that are not recognized in the new Provisional Council, bombing . The detention camp for refugees is also an important military base, with a large cache of weapons, and has ended up becoming, therefore, one of the epicenters of conflict. Prisoners are often right on the line of fire, but have nothing to shelter, or have the opportunity to get away: living the nightmare every day that a bomb the local centers where they are locked up, making a killing. And when the fights are forced to cease work for the soldiers of the base. Many of them - has denounced the agency Habeshia - blackmailing them: they ask for a size of up to 800 dollars to take them to a safer place, usually Tripoli. "A real traffic based on fear - says Don Zerai - as in the days of Gaddafi. Who can pay not hesitate to give in to extortion. " The others are forced to stay under the bombs, at the mercy of the jailers, "often almost without food and drinking water without treatment or care for sick and wounded, victims of ongoing abuse."Don Zerai has launched yet another appeal to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the European Union: "We must act now to rescue these refugees from the war zone. Europe must put pressure on the Libyan authorities to respect human rights and dignity of these young people. " The relations between European governments and the National Transitional Council took office in Tripoli are now almost daily. Agreements were renewed and expanded international trade treaties, agreements and economic policies, contracts of oil exploitation. Italy, in particular, has reiterated the substance of the treaty of friendship signed in his time with Gaddafi. Not that anyone has forcefully place, so far, the dramatic problem of respecting the rights of African refugees landed in Libya.It seems dropped a shroud of silence, while, on the front of the emergency of migrants from the Horn of Africa, the slave trade in the Sinai, from 500 to 2000 people, men, women and children, captured by gangs of marauding Bedouins asking up to 35 thousand dollars in ransom to free them and head to sell in the market for illegal transplants the desperate who are unable to pay. All unsuccessful appeals and requests for assistance submitted to the European Union and Italy from November 2010 to date. Almost two years of indifference by the international community to face this appears a real humanitarian catastrophe. Everything is also silent on the alleged massacre in Sudan in late May: at least 50 young people wounded by police near the refugee camp Scegarab. Young "guilty" only to have organized a protest to demand protection against the emissaries of international criminal organizations, with the mirage of a "step" in Israel, attracting migrants trapped in the desert of Sinai, then to deliver them to traffickers human.

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